Why OT for paediatric patients?
Occupational therapy for children aims at improving their milestone attainment or equipping the child with the skills they need to cope with their illness, disability or mental delay. With regular OT these children can improve their functioning and overall wellbeing at both home and school.
What is the role of the parent in OT?
At Vicky Clark, we believe in holistic family intervention and so will always include the parents in our therapy with children. For us it is important to be able to discuss issues with parents - such as parenting techniques, behaviour modification techniques and how best to encourage the child to be as independent as possible.
The parent-child relationship is also very important within the field of Sensory Modulation disorders and Neuro-Developmental difficulties. Here many skills can be learnt by the child and explained to the parents, so that by working together the child feels understood and empowered and this important child-parent relationship is maintained.
What type of conditions may require OT?
- Developmentally delayed children
- Neuro-muscular disorders (e.g. CP, muscular dystrophy etc.)
- Poor academic performance
- Psychiatric diagnoses (e.g. Childhood depression, ADHD etc.)
- Sensory modulation difficulties
- Post-traumatic rehabilitation
- Autism spectrum disorders
- Birth defects
- Low muscle tone or core stability / strength
What will the OT do?
Before starting therapy we will perform an in-depth assessment to gauge the child’s functional abilities and areas of weakness. From this we will create a problem list and design a treatment plan, working with the child and parent to create personalised therapeutic goals.
Treatments depend on each individual case and could include (but are not limited to):
- Fine & gross motor skills development
- Behaviour modification (e.g. How to establish boundaries, discipline etc.)
- Ergonomics (correct positioning to improve productivity)
- Hand dexterity
- Parent/caregiver training and empowerment
- Sensory integration
- Facilitation of crawling, walking etc.
- Prescription of assistive devices
- Home visits in order to adapt the household to suit the needs of the child’s diagnosis / injury
- Assistance in attaining milestones in dressing, eating, grooming etc.
- Improvement of muscle tone
- Concept development
- Improvement in cognitive skills and abilities
- Visual perception improvement
- Social skills and interaction
- Motor co-ordination